Famous Landmarks in the World, Part 3
In the third part of this series on famous landmarks in the world, we head east to Saudi Arabia, China, and India.
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Our first of famous landmarks is Mecca. It is a city in Saudi Arabia in the Makkah Region. It is the holiest place in the world for Islam because it is the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad. Each year, 15 million Muslims make a pilgrimage here called Hajj. During this event, millions of people who are physically and financially capable pray in unison. There are several landmarks in the city. The most important is Kaaba because it is the structure to which all Muslims point when they pray. Unfortunately, in order to enter the city of Mecca, you must be Muslim.
The Great Wall of China
Next, we head to China, the location of The Great Wall. It started being built as early as 7th century BC. It is a combination of several fortifications made of stone, wood, and brick, among other elements that were soon joined to create what we know today as The Great Wall of China. Originally, it was built to protect the Chinese empires against invasions. In addition, it has been used as a defense, transportation corridor, and border control for immigration and emigration. The wall measures over 21 km and stretches from the east, Dandong, to west, and then arcs until it reaches the south edge of Mongolia.
The Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Following, we have The Taj Mahal, located in the Indian city of Agra. This landmark is a white marble mausoleum first built by emperor Shah Jahan to contain the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. At the end, it took 20,000 workers and the equivalent of today’s $827 million US to complete. It was finished in 1653. Today, it receives approximately 8 million guests annually. It is considered a brilliant example of Muslim art and architecture. Consequently, it is on the list of landmarks that were winners of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Check out this majestic heritage site today!